Plan S in Latin America: A Precautionary Note




Plan S; Latin America; Open access publishing


Background  Latin America has historically led a vital and open access movement and leads the worldwide region with the adoption of wider open access practices. Argentina has expressed its commitment to join Plan S, an initiative from a European consortium of research funders with a mandate to promote the open access publishing of scientific outputs.

Analysis  This opinion article suggests that the potential adhesion of Argentina or other Latin American nations to Plan S ignores the reality and tradition of Latin American open access publishing.

Conclusion and implications  Plan S must demonstrate that it will encourage at a regional and global level the advancement of non-commercial open access initiatives. Latin America should invest and promote open nonprofit scholarly-led infrastructures, allowing the academy to regain control of scholarly communications.

Keywords  Plan S; Latin America; Open access publishing

Contexte Historiquement, l’Amérique latine a été un chef de file dans le mouvement pour fournir un accès aux communications savantes qui soit vital et ouvert. Aujourd’hui, ce continent demeure un leader mondial en adoptant des pratiques de libre accès qui sont plus englobantes. L’Argentine, notamment, a manifesté son engagement pour se joindre au Plan S, lequel est l’oeuvre d’un collectif de bailleurs de fonds européens dont le mandat est de promouvoir l’édition de recherches scientifiques à libre accès.

Analyse  Cet article d’opinion suggère que l’adhésion potentielle au Plan S par l’Argentine ou d’autres pays latino-américains ignore la réalité et l’histoire de l’édition à libre accès latino-américaine.

Conclusion et implications  Le Plan S doit démontrer qu’il encouragera des initiatives non-commerciales envers le libre accès à un niveau régional et mondial. L’Amérique latine doit investir dans des infrastructures sans but lucratif qui soient ouvertes et menées par des universitaires, de manière à permettre à ceux-ci de reprendre le contrôle sur les communications savantes.

Mots clés  Plan S; Amérique latine; Édition à libre accès

Author Biographies

Humberto Debat, Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (IPAVE-CIAP-INTA), Argentina

Humberto Debat is a researcher at the Institute of Plant Pathology at the Center for Agricultural Research of the National Institute of Agricultural Technology of Argentina. He obtained his training at the National University of Córdoba, Argentina and at the University of Ajou in South Korea. Humberto studies the interface of viruses and crops from a holobiome perspective. He is interested in the development of novel approaches to reduce losses associated with plant diseases and is passionate about understanding an expanding global virosphere. Humberto is an ambassador for eLife and ASAPbio where he promotes good practices in the generation and communication of science. In addition, Humberto is affiliate of the bioRxiv life sciences preprints server. Humberto has published more than 40 peer reviewed papers in international journals and deposited several works in preprints servers, has given multiple invited lectures, more than 40 presentations at conferences and teaches in undergraduate and postgraduate courses.

Dominique Babini, Consejo Latinoamericano de Ciencias Sociales (CLACSO), Argentina.

Dominique Babini is from Argentina. Open access advisor, and previously repository developer and manager, at the Latin American Council of Social Sciences (CLACSO), a network of 700 research institutions in 52 countries, where she coordinates CLACSO´´´ s Open Access International Campaign. Co-Director of Redalyc-CLACSO´s 940 open access social sciences and humanities journals collection and member of the Executive Board of AmeliCA-Open Knowledge. Experts Committee of the National System of Digital Repositories in Argentina. Member of the Advisory Board of DORA-San Francisco Declaration on Research Assessment. Latin America content contributor for UNESCO-Global Open Access Portal. Research on Open Access scholarly communications at University of Buenos Aires-IIGG. Recent publications and opinions in English: Towards a global open access scholarly communications system – a developing region perspective (2019,MIT book chapter,in press), Recognizing regional differences can improve evaluation (2019), Plan S and Open Access in Latin America (2019), Realising the BOAI visión: a view from the global South (2017), Latin American science is meant to be open access (2015). Dominique holds a doctorate in political science and a postgraduate degree in information science. Lives in Argentina.







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